If you want to make a backup of your WordPress site, or create a local copy for testing or development purposes, you might want to use HTTrack, a free and open source tool that can download an entire website onto your computer.
HTTrack works by crawling the website and downloading all the files, images, and directories, while preserving the original structure and links. This way, you can browse the website offline as if it were online.
However, HTTrack has some limitations when it comes to cloning WordPress sites. WordPress is a dynamic platform that uses PHP and MySQL to generate web pages on the fly. HTTrack can only download the HTML output of the pages, not the PHP code or the database behind them. This means that some features of WordPress, such as plugins, themes, comments, forms, and login functionality, will not work on the cloned site.
Therefore, HTTrack is not suitable for creating a fully functional backup of your WordPress site, or for migrating your site to another host or domain. If you want to do that, you need to use other methods, such as SFTP and phpMyAdmin, or a dedicated WordPress backup plugin.
However, HTTrack can still be useful for creating a static HTML version of your WordPress site, which can have some advantages, such as faster loading speed, lower server resources, and higher security. A static HTML site can also be hosted on any web server that supports HTML files, without requiring PHP or MySQL.
In this article, we will show you how to use HTTrack to clone a WordPress site and convert it to a static HTML website.
Step 1: Download and Install HTTrack
HTTrack is available for Windows, Linux, macOS, and Android. You can download it from the official website: https://www.httrack.com/.
Depending on your operating system, you can choose between a command line tool (httrack) or a graphical user interface tool (webhttrack or WinHTTrack). The installation process is straightforward and does not require any special configuration.
Step 2: Launch HTTrack and Create a New Project
Once you have installed HTTrack, you can launch it from your desktop or start menu. You will see a welcome screen where you can select your language and click Next.
In the next screen, you need to enter a project name and category for your cloned site. You can also choose a base path where the downloaded files will be stored on your computer. Click Next when you are done.
Step 3: Enter the URL of the WordPress Site You Want to Clone
In the next screen, you need to enter the URL of the WordPress site you want to clone. You can also specify other options, such as proxy settings, browser identity, limits on download size or depth, and filters on file types or URLs. For most cases, the default settings should work fine.
Click Next when you are ready to start the cloning process.
Step 4: Wait for HTTrack to Download the Website Files
HTTrack will start crawling the website and downloading all the files it finds. Depending on the size and complexity of the website, this may take some time. You can monitor the progress and status of the download on the screen.
If you want to pause or stop the download at any time, you can click on Cancel or Finish. You can also resume a previous download by selecting Continue an interrupted mirror in the welcome screen.
Step 5: Browse Your Cloned Site Offline
When HTTrack finishes downloading the website files, it will create an index.html file in your base path folder. This file will serve as the homepage of your cloned site. You can open it with any web browser and browse your site offline.
You will notice that some features of WordPress may not work properly on your cloned site. For example, you may see broken links or images, missing stylesheets or scripts, error messages or blank pages. This is normal and expected because HTTrack cannot download dynamic content generated by PHP or MySQL. 06063cd7f5